Blood type hasn’t effect on your ability to have and maintain a fun, healthy marriage. There are concerns about compatibility of blood type if you’re planning to have biological children with your partner, but there are options during pregnancy that can help counteract these risks.
It’s better to know your partner’s blood type in the event of an emergency, however. And, depending on your and your partner’s blood type, you may even be able to donate blood to them in an emergency.
Keep reading to know more about Blood group compatibility for marriage.
Blood group systems
When we know other people, One of the things to share is blood type. You might say ‘I’m B+’ or ‘I’m A-‘.
However, can we understand what those letters or signs indicate? Those two things are simply indicators of your blood groups. The blood type systems that we ask while saying ‘A+’ or ‘B-‘ are the ABO blood group system and therefore the Rh system. other than these, we’ve around 30 other blood type systems that are based on around 300 antigens. An antigen is a molecule that, once recognized by antibodies, will start an immune reaction .
ABO blood type system
The ABO blood group system is predicated upon the presence or absence of antigen A or B on the surface of your red blood cells. If you’ve got the A blood type , it means you’ve got antigen A and the other way around for the B blood type . However, what if your blood type is AB or O? The AB blood type indicates that you simply have both antigen A and B, whereas the O blood type indicates that you simply have none of them. following thing to look at is why we never transfuse blood from one type into another.
Basically, if your blood type is A, then your body will identify cells of the B blood type as foreign particles and make antibodies (anti-B) for it. within the same manner, B blood type people will produce antibodies (anti-A) for A blood type cells. These antibodies anti-A and anti-B will identify their respective antigens A and B and cause a reaction, resulting in necrobiosis (cell death). within the case of the AB blood type , there are not any antibodies, which means that the other blood type can transfuse into an AB blood type individual. On the other hand, O blood type individuals can produce both the antibodies if exposed to any blood type , but the shortage of any antigen makes it easier to donate.
Read also Blood Product
Rh blood group system
The Rh system has over 50 antigens. There are 5 that are commonly found in humans: D, C, c, E, and e. Out of those , D is that the most significant antigen in the Rh system. The presence or absence of the D antigen is indicated by a plus or minus sign. If someone with Rh-negative blood type is exposed to Rh-positive blood, the body will produce antibodies which will destroy the cells. However, if Rh-negative blood type is transfused into a Rh-positive person, no reaction will happen , as there are neither antigens nor antibodies.
Thus, if you say that you simply are ‘AB+’, then you’ve got the antigens of A, B, and D, but if you say you’re ‘O-‘, it indicates that you have none of the antigens and every one of the antibodies.
How does blood compatibility affect pregnancy?
Blood group compatibility for marriage is only a concern for couples if a pregnancy is involved where both partners are the biological parents. That’s because of RH factor.
Rh factor is an inherited protein, so being Rh negative (-) or Rh positive (+) is determined by your parents. The most common type is Rh positive (+).
Being Rh positive or negative typically does not affect you, but it could affect your pregnancy.
Rh factor and pregnancy
Rh factor can be a danger if the biological mother is Rh- and the baby is Rh+. Red blood cells ( RBCs ) from an Rh+ baby crossing its Rh- mother’s bloodstream may trigger an immune response. The mother’s body may form antibodies to attack the baby’s Rh+ red blood cells.
At your first prenatal visit, doctor will suggest a blood type and Rh factor screening. If you are Rh-, your doctor will test your blood again later in your pregnancy to see if you have formed antibodies against Rh factor. That would indicate that your baby is Rh+.
If doctor identifies a potential for Rh incompatibility (Rh disease), your pregnancy will be monitored closely for any related issues and might need extra care.
Although your blood and your baby’s blood typically don’t mix during pregnancy, a minimal amount of your baby’s blood and your blood could are available contact with one another during delivery. If there’s an Rh incompatibility and this happens, your body may produce antibodies against rhesus factor .
These antibodies won’t cause problems to an Rh+ baby during the primary pregnancy. But they will cause issues if you’ve got a subsequent pregnancy and are carrying another child that’s Rh+.
If there was an Rh incompatibility during a first pregnancy, and there’s an Rh incompatibility in second and other future pregnancies, these maternal antibodies can damage the baby’s red blood cells. If this happens , your baby might need a red blood corpuscle transfusion either during your pregnancy or immediately after delivery.